Velasco-Gonzalez, L., & Rioux, L. (2014). Journal of Religion and Health, 53(4), 1123-1137.
Abstract. The aim of our research was to identify predictors of the spiritual well-being of elderly people. More specifically, we postulated that subjective well-being and its components would be predictors of spiritual well-being, and more so than age and health status. We invited 133 people aged 60–95 to complete a questionnaire that included the French adaptation of Paloutzian and Ellison’s Spiritual Well-Being Scale, Ryff and Essex’s Psychological Well-Being Scale, Salamon and Conte’s Life Satisfaction in the Elderly Scale, and the French version of Diener et al. Satisfaction with Life Scale. The results only partially confirm our hypothesis, because only satisfaction with life as a whole and two items in “Life Satisfaction in the Elderly Scale” make it possible to predict the spiritual well-being of elderly people. Moreover, neither health status nor age was found to be a significant predictor of spiritual well-being. This research helps understand better the links between the concept of spiritual well-being and that of subjective well-being of elderly people and could contribute to the development of a tool that could take into account the spiritual well-being of elderly people, whether they be believers, agnostic, or atheist.